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Para-Medic, real name Dr. Clark, was a member of FOX in the 1960s, serving as a medical adviser to Naked Snake during Operation Snake Eater. Afterwards, she became one of the founding members of the Patriots, a key member in the Les Enfants Terribles project, and later, the chief of FOXHOUND's medical staff until her death.


Early life and career[]

Dr. Clark was, as she described herself, "a well-respected physician..." along with having a "spotless reputation, being highly skilled, patient and good-looking to boot."[3] Due to her tendency of talking too much, she was given the nickname, "Quack."[1] At some point prior to 1964, Major Zero recruited her into the CIA.[3]

Operation Snake Eater[]

See also: Virtuous Mission and Operation Snake Eater

In 1964, Dr. Clark adopted the codename "Para-Medic" which originated from her desire to create a unit of medics that could parachute into battle, when they were needed most.[4]


Para-Medic during the Virtuous Mission.

In August 1964, she provided radio support to Naked Snake during the Virtuous Mission. After asking Snake his real name during their introduction to one another, he claimed that it was "John Doe", a colloquialism for an unidentified male corpse, to which Para-Medic jokingly responded that hers was "Jane Doe." She supplied Snake with medical advice and information on the flora and fauna in Tselinoyarsk, which usually resulted in Snake asking how each tasted, a fact that she found quite tiresome after a while. Para-Medic was also in charge of recording Snake's mission data. After Snake was injured during his encounter with The Boss at Dolinovodno, Para-Medic instructed him on how to self-administer treatment for his wounds, which included various lacerations and broken bones. Following the failure of the Virtuous Mission, Para-Medic visited an unconscious Snake during his recovery at an advanced ICU.[5]

She then faced the threat of having her medical license revoked if the CIA's follow-up mission Operation Snake Eater did not succeed. When Snake was again ordered back into Tselinoyarsk a week later, she volunteered to help him anyway, telling Snake that her medical license wasn't important to her.[6] When Snake rendezvoused with fellow spy EVA, Para-Medic backed up the latter's suggestion that he get some rest, pointing out that he would have remained in the ICU until his injuries had fully recovered had it had been up to her.[7] When EVA was later injured in a motorcycle crash while escaping through Lazorevo, Para-Medic gave instructions to Snake on treating her injuries. Following the success of Operation Snake Eater, Para-Medic was present at the awards ceremony in Langley, where Snake was awarded the title of Big Boss and the Distinguished Service Cross. She expressed concern when Snake walked away from the room without uttering a word.

Post-Snake Eater[]

In 1970, Para-Medic went on to establish the nation's first paramedic system in Seattle, Washington, fulfilling her dream.[8]

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." Its canonicity within the continuity is disputed, therefore reader discretion is advised.[?]

In addition, she also founded the paramedic corps of the United States Armed Forces.[9]

San Hieronymo Incident[]

Main article: San Hieronymo Incident

In late 1970, Para-Medic was entrusted to monitor any incoming transmissions to a specific radio frequency, which was known to the original members of the FOX Unit. When Naked Snake was captured during the San Hieronymo Incident, he infiltrated a Red Army communications base on the Peninsula, and use the frequency to reach Para-Medic. She explained to him that he and Major Zero had been blamed for a rebellion in FOX, and that any members who hadn't joined Gene's command were murdered. Informing him that Zero had been imprisoned, courtesy of the Pentagon, she also suggested that Snake contact Sigint, as he was willing to lend a hand from ARPA.

Snake later returned to the communications base to contact Para-Medic about a form of tropical malaria that his new comrade Roy Campbell had come down with. Para-Medic diagnosed him over the radio and informed Snake that he would have to infiltrate the nearest hospital in order to find the preventative drugs to save Campbell's life.[10] With the help of Jonathan and his other new recruits, Snake was able to save Campbell.

Following the incident, Para-Medic greeted Snake along with Sigint and Major Zero on an airport runway when he returned to the U.S.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

The Patriots and FOXHOUND[]

Sometime after, Para-Medic was recruited alongside Big Boss (Naked Snake), Ocelot, Sigint and EVA into the Patriots by Zero. The organization was set up by Zero in an attempt to realize the dying dream of The Boss, who had wished to see the world whole again. In 1972, under the orders of Zero and now going by her real name of Dr. Clark, she headed the "Les Enfants Terribles" project to create clones of Big Boss (she had always been fascinated by the prospects of human cloning and had even told him that she saw him as "such an excellent specimen" eight years earlier).[11] Dr. Clark's Japanese assistant served as an egg donor during the project.[12]

By the 1980s, she had begun working for a company called ATGC and was a well known name in the biotech industry, specializing in bio-engineering. She had also begun getting involved in further genetic research. She began to fall out of the public spotlight, with those who didn't know her personally believing she was a man. Word had also started to spread among other academics that she had become involved in cloning. Huey Emmerich in particular had become privy to her work and was aware of her involvement in a cloning project conducted in the early 1970s although he did not know the exact details of it mainly due to her secrecy about all personal details. Despite this secrecy however he was able to deduce that she was a pivotal player in Cipher (despite erroneously believing her to be a man).

Halved patriot

Big Boss, Dr. Clark, Zero and Donald Anderson.

Dr. Clark later became the head of FOXHOUND's medical staff and chief geneticist, organizing and developing the Patriots' genetic research programs. Even though military-based genetic therapy was banned under international law by the early 2000s, the Patriots remained unperturbed, as the laws in question were simply declarations and not actual treaties.[13]

In 1999, Dr. Clark was the scientist in charge of placing Big Boss into an artificially induced coma, following his defeat by Solid Snake in Zanzibar Land. She was also responsible for reviving Gray Fox by encasing him within a cybernetic exoskeleton and used him as a guinea pig to test her gene therapy techniques. During the next four years, Dr. Clark and her team kept Fox drugged while they experimented on him, the results of which were used in the creation of the Next-Generation Special Forces.[14]

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." Its canonicity within the continuity is disputed, therefore reader discretion is advised.[?]

In addition, she also placed bad nerve connections on Fox, leaving him in constant agony.[15]

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

In 2003, Fox finally killed Dr. Clark after he was freed by his adopted sister.

After death[]

Dr. Clark's death allowed Gray Fox to take revenge for all the years of torment he had endured while Naomi Hunter becomes the new head of FOXHOUND's medical staff. Dr. Clark's death was also plotted by both EVA and Ocelot as part of a plan to eliminate the faction of the Patriots that were allied against Big Boss's faction.

Personality and traits[]

According to Para-Medic's personal data, as of 1964: her eyesight was 20/25, her blood type was "B"; she had had no previously documented illnesses; her main hobby was watching movies; her favorite food was sushi; her least favorite food was crab (in a radio conversation, she said they stink like "cat pee"); her favorite types of animals were small birds (in two radio conversations, she expressed shock and disgust when Snake thought about eating "a cute little bird" and also ordered him not to eat The End's parrot); her favorite drink was Japanese sake; her treatment specialty was injections; her favorite monster was the Venusian; she kept her measurements top secret; and her favorite mascots were the Kerotan and the GA-KO.[2]

MGS3 Para-Medic Yojji Shinkawa


Being a total movie fanatic, Para-Medic frequently and enthusiastically talked to Snake (and occasionally Sigint) about them. She actually convinced Snake to go see two movies that she talked about once his mission was complete: Jason and the Argonauts and A Fistful of Dollars. In addition, Para-Medic's obsession with horror movies and vampires led Snake to have a vampire-themed nightmare during his imprisonment in the fortress Groznyj Grad, where Snake fought half-breed monsters.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." Its canonicity within the continuity is disputed, therefore reader discretion is advised.[?]

Her habit of telling Snake about movies was extensive enough that Snake briefly and indirectly compared Ghost to Para-Medic irritably when he mentioned Bride of the Monster.[16]

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

Para-Medic was fond of Snake, as she had volunteered to help him during Operation Snake Eater, valuing his safety over her medical license.[6] Throughout the mission, she took many opportunities to lightly tease him and was unsettled by his willingness to eat anything. Regardless, she respected his talents as an agent.

Despite being likable and kindhearted at first, Para-Medic's personality later changed. In 1964, she admitted to Snake that while she was intrigued by the notion of cloning, and even considered him an excellent specimen, she couldn't condone it morally.[11] By 1972, however, she had decided to pursue such research, and would go on to conduct unethical experiments on Gray Fox decades later. She also became so reclusive that people weren't even sure of her gender, her age, where she was from, or if her surname was real.

Unconfirmed history[]

The following information has been detailed in official Konami-licensed media, written by various external authors. Its status in the Metal Gear canon is unconfirmed.[?]

In the late 1960s, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson gave his support for the "Les Enfants Terribles," into which Dr. Clark was recruited.[17] Dr. Clark, along with the succeeding President and General Jim Houseman, personally oversaw the births of Solid and Liquid Snake in 1972. The President and Houseman both expressed reservations about the project, though Dr. Clark attempted to allay their concerns by further explaining the project's goals to them.

Behind the scenes[]


Para-Medic's Metal Gear Solid 3 render.

Dr. Clark was originally implied to be male in the original Metal Gear Solid. In the English version, Naomi repeatedly uses the male pronoun "he" to describe Dr. Clark, while in the Japanese version Naomi only uses the equivalent pronoun kare once.[18] It wasn't until the Metal Gear Solid novelization by Raymond Benson that it was revealed Dr. Clark was a woman. The book also revealed that she was involved in the Les Enfants Terribles project. The Metal Gear Solid 4 Database covers up this inconsistency by explaining that Dr. Clark "seldom exposed herself to others and left almost no data behind after her death. As a result, Naomi Hunter was convinced that Dr. Clark was a man."[19] This was expanded upon in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain when Huey Emmerich referred to Clark as a man when speaking to Venom Snake and even then, he wasn't even sure if Clark was a man or a woman because very little was known about her. However, in the novelization of Metal Gear Solid, Solid Snake assumed that Dr. Clark was a male until Naomi corrected him. Benson and Ryan Payton added this line as a subtle joke.[20] According to the 187th episode of Hidechan radio, Dr. Clark was named after Arthur C. Clarke, the author of 2001: A Space Odyssey[21]

A leaked voice casting sheet for Metal Gear Solid 3 stated that Para-Medic used to have a husband, to whom she was divorced by the time of the game's setting. None of this is mentioned in Para-Medic's Personal Data, nor anywhere else in the game itself, so its status in the series' canon is unknown.[22]

A certain radio conversation with Para-Medic, in Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence, features dialogue text being displayed in French, even though she is audibly speaking English. This occurs when Snake asks what movies Para-Medic likes, after learning that she didn't actually watch The Great Escape.


Para-Medic's model in Portable Ops.

Para-Medic is the only person in Snake's support team who doesn't say a word in the Metal Gear Solid 3 Movie, a recut of the cutscenes from the game strung together to act as a movie, included in the Existence disc of Subsistence.

While Para-Medic received the nickname "Quack" because she talked too much, it is also a term used to describe a person who pretends to be a doctor.

According to Hideo Kojima, despite Operation Snake Eater's success, the United States Government revoked Para-Medic's medical license anyway.[23] However, Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots contradicts this by revealing that she was still a doctor.

Along with Sigint, Major Zero and Ocelot, Para-Medic's appearance within the story line of Portable Ops is restricted to the radio, and the animated comic style cutscenes. Her in-game model is only used once she has been recruited, an event with unknown status to the game's canonical story due to Para-Medic greeting Snake upon his return to the United States. Like Sigint, Para-Medic received a new model for Portable Ops.

Heather Halley, Para-Medic's English voice actress, stated in an 2015 interview that when she first auditioned for the role, Para-Medic's name was listed as "Naomi Hunter." The exact reasons for this are unclear, however, as she was unable to shed any light on the subject.[24]

It is implied in the cassette tape "Revival of the Vocal Cord Parasite" that Para-Medic was responsible for reviving the Vocal Cord Parasite in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.

Portable Ops recruitment[]

In Portable Ops, the player is given the option to recruit Para-Medic. This section details how the recruitment takes place:

After Snake manages to get the malaria medication for the San Hieronymo Peninsula, Snake returns to the Communications base to thank Para-Medic for the tip in regards to how to treat malaria. Para-Medic, after accepting the thanks, asks Snake what is truly going on, as she knows that he came back to the Communications base for more than thanks. Snake then admits that he also came to contact her because he needed another favor. He explained that he needed a few of her Paramedic unit members to be dispatched to the San Hieronymo Peninsula, as he needs all the medical help for his unit that he can acquire due to the fact that while several of the personnel have basic medical training, he can't get all of them onto his side, and even if he ended up getting one onto his side, he still can't completely trust their competency level, as some don't have enough medical training and experience to help fix up his soldiers. Para-Medic breaks it to him that there is none available due to the fact that they have all been dispatched to Vietnam, and she doesn't have the authority to issue an order to San Hieronymo Peninsula anyways. She does decide to go to San Hieronymo, however, despite Snake's protests.

A few days later, she arrives at her destination, but hides in the Hospital, requiring a rescue. A Spy Unit discovers this, and submits a report. After speaking with Roy Campbell, one of the resistance members then escorts her back to the truck.

Recruiting Para-Medic is the only way to freely access her radio frequency. Para-Medic also receives a slight redesign from her appearance in Metal Gear Solid 3, as she's given a slightly larger bust than in the prior game.

"As a member of FOX, Paramedic provided medical support to Snake during Operation Snake Eater. In her previous job as a doctor, her incessant chatter earned her the inevitable nickname of "Quack." A hardcore movie buff, although her tastes are widely regarded as being a little bit weird."
―Character description in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus

Movies mentioned[]

As mentioned previously, Para-Medic was a huge movie fan. Here is a list of the movies that Para-Medic mentioned to Naked Snake during the events of Metal Gear Solid 3:

At one point, Para-Medic asks Snake if he's seen a film called My Mother was a Teenage Spider Queen from Mars. When Snake replies "I can't say that I have", Para-Medic says, "Neither have I." Para-Medic later admits to not paying attention due to Major Zero talking to her at the time. It is also to be noted that the movie title was a reference to David Bowie's former band, The Spiders from Mars, similar to Major Zero's former codename of Major Tom. Also, when calling her while wearing the Raikov Mask, Para-Medic will mention that the mask makes him look like a Venusian before clarifying with "I mean, not the crab kind... the other kind", a reference to the main antagonist from the film It Conquered the World, the Venusian Crab. A similar reference to It Conquered the World was made in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, although it was lost in translation.

In the Trial Version demo for Snake Eater, Para-Medic will also reference Godzilla: King of the Monsters in the call relating to Indian Gavials, with Naked Snake taking particular note of her description of Godzilla as being "...radioactive and pissed off...", foreshadowing how he himself was irradiated during the Bravo Shot test at Bikini Atoll and his ultimate descent into villainy as Big Boss in later games. This was omitted in the final release.[25]

Similarly, in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Para-Medic mentioned another list of movies. Due to the change in gameplay mechanics in Portable Ops, compared with Metal Gear Solid 3, saving the game is not required to have Para-Medic talk with Snake (or in some cases, Snake's soldiers) about various movies:

  • Dirty Harry (when telling Snake about the movie, she also asks him about the .44 Magnum)
  • Fantastic Voyage
  • Night of the Living Dead
  • Orgy of the Dead (when asked by one of the soldiers as to what made it scary, Para-Medic replied that it was most likely the fact that it was even made in the first place)
  • Planet of the Apes (this is one of the few movies that she does not ask Snake about; she asks one of his soldiers instead)

Other appearances[]

Para-Medic appeared in the Versus Battle on the official series website.

"''STRENGTHS: Patriotic, FOXHOUND’s Top Doc
WEAKNESSES: Talks Too Much
FEATURED FACT: Dr. Clark took her “Para-Medic” nickname based on her wish to form an airborne medic unit that could parachute to wherever they were needed
―Para-Medic on Versus Battle

Para-Medic is also featured in the Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes app, as an unlockable officer character for the Mother Base Developer. She is unlocked after obtaining 50K+ points on Hard Mode of the Ground Zeroes Side Op Eliminate the Renegade Threat, while connected to the app.

In the end credits timeline of The Phantom Pain, Dr. Clark's year of death is incorrectly given as 2005, as it is grouped together with those of Kazuhira Miller and Donald Anderson.




  1. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Major Zero: Incidentally, her nickname back then was "Quack." // Para-Medic: Major! // Naked Snake: ...Is that true? // Para-Medic: Mm? Is what true? // Snake: About your nickname. // Para-Medic: No! ...Well, maybe a few people did call me that... // Snake: So you were a quack? // Para-Medic: No! ...Well, yes and no. I mean, in a sense I was, but then again I wasn't... // Snake: ??? // Zero: [Naked] Snake, her skills as a doctor are beyond reproach. You have my word on that. // Para-Medic: Yes! That's exactly what I was trying to say, Snake. // Snake: Then why did they call her "Quack"? // Zero: It's because she... // Para-Medic: Never mind that! It doesn't matter. We've got a job to do, and we have to stay focused. Besides, my past doesn't have anything to do with the mission and... // Snake: Because she never shuts up? // Zero: Yes, that's it. // Para-Medic: No, that's not it! Snake, tell him that's not true! // Snake: ... // Para-Medic: Say something! // Snake: I'd better get back to the mission. // Zero: Yes, you do that. // Para-Medic: Just a minute! Snake! Don't you hang up on me!
  2. ^ a b c d e f Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Radio Mode, Personal Data. [1]
  3. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Naked Snake: Para-Medic. // Para-Medic: What's up? // Snake: Are you a medic, or a doctor? // Para-Medic: I'm a well-respected physician. Or I was, until I joined the CIA. [...]My reputation was spotless. I'm highly skilled, patient, and good-looking to boot. Everybody wanted to see me. What else would you expect?
  4. ^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Para-Medic: [Naked] Snake, if you or one of your comrades is wounded in battle, what do you usually do? // Naked Snake: I call for a medic. // Para-Medic: What if there's no medic nearby? // Snake: I don't even want to think about that. // Para-Medic: Think about it. // Snake: ...That's my worst nightmare. Any soldier can perform basic first aid, but it takes a specialist to perform the more complicated procedures. I know a lot of guys who'd still be alive if they'd had access to a medic. // Para-Medic: Me, too. So I got to thinking - wouldn't it be great if we could parachute medics into the front lines, where they're needed most? // Snake: You bet... That's why you're called 'Para-Medic'? // Para-Medic: Yeah. With a unit like that, we could save a couple of lives, huh? // Snake: No. // Para-Medic: No? // Snake: Not a couple. We could save many lives. // Para-Medic: ...Thanks. I think the army needs a unit like that. And if no one else will do it, I'm going to create one myself. // Snake: Sounds like a plan. // Para-Medic: Will you help me? // Snake: Count on it.
  5. ^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Naked Snake: Para-Medic... // Para-Medic: [Naked] Snake! It's so good to hear from you again. // Snake: Same here. It's been a week, hasn't it? // Para-Medic: Four days, actually. // Snake: ? // Para-Medic: I visited you in the hospital. You were still unconscious, though.
  6. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Naked Snake: Yeah, yeah. I can see that you still know how to nag. // Para-Medic: You're welcome. And I can see you still don't know when to keep you mouth shut. // Snake: Maybe so... By the way, I heard you're going to lose your medical license if this mission fails. // Para-Medic: Yes, there was talk of that, but the mission won't fail, WILL it? // Snake: Of course not. // Para-Medic: Good, I believe in you... But you know what? I really don't care about my medical license. Snake: Didn't they use that to force you to participate in this operation? // Para-Medic: No, I volunteered. // Snake: Why? // Para-Medic: So I could watch over you.
  7. ^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Para-Medic: [EVA's] right, Snake. You should get some sleep. Although, in you condition you really ought to be back in the ICU...
  8. ^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (ending timeline), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
  9. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Kojima Productions (2006).
    Naked Snake: Congrats on launching the paramedic corps [Para-Medic]. Looks like all your hard work finally paid off.
  10. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Kojima Productions (2006).
    Para-Medic: [Naked] Snake? You came all the way back to the communications facility? You must really want to talk to me, huh? // Naked Snake: Yeah, actually, I do. One of my men has come down with malaria. // Para-Medic: Malaria? Can you get some preventative drugs? Depending on the drug, it can be used to treat malaria even after symptoms appear. // Snake: We've been using the drugs. But they don't seem to working too well. Do you think it might be some other type of disease? // Para-Medic: Hmm... Wait you said these were malaria symptoms? // Snake: Yeah. No question about it. // Para-Medic: I got it. // Snake: What? // Para-Medic: Do you know how people get malaria? // Snake: Yeah. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes, right? // Para-Medic: It's not a virus. It's a parasite. // Snake: A parasite? You mean there's an actual bug inside his body? // Para-Medic: Exactly. In tropical malaria, the malaria parasites gestate within female anopheles mosquitoes and are then transferred to human hosts. Ordinarily, the drugs would prevent the symptoms from appearing. But there are different populations of malaria parasites. In certain areas, the populations are drug-resistant. You know what that means? // Snake: The drugs won't work? // Para-Medic: Bingo. So the only way to treat it is to find a different drug that's effective against that particular population of malaria parasite. // Snake: A different king of drug... // Para-Medic: Try the local medical facility. The should have a supply. But you'd better hurry. You might have already been infected with the same parasites. It only matter of time before you start to develop symptoms. // Snake: Got it...
  11. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
    Para-Medic: [Naked] Snake, whatever happens to you, make sure you leave a descendant, OK? // Naked Snake: Are you saying you want to have my baby? // Para-Medic: No. I’m saying that in the 21st century, the genes of soldiers like you are going to be in high demand. // Snake: Genes? // Para-Medic: Uh huh. Remember when Watson and Crick discovered the double helix structure of DNA back in 1953? // Snake: No. // Para-Medic: You know, they won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for it the year before last? Of course, you have to feel sorry for Pauling and Franklin. They were researching the exact same thing. // Snake: Sorry. I don’t follow. // Para-Medic: Inside every living creature are little blueprints called genes. Through the union of the sperm and egg cells, these blueprints are transformed and inherited by the next generation. That’s why parents and children resemble each other. The concept of genes was first proposed over a hundred years ago by Mendel, but he didn’t know what they were exactly. For a while, it was thought that chromosomes were composed not of deoxyribonucleic acid, but of proteins called polypeptides. Later, it was shown that deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA was a biological macromolecule. Then, 11 years ago, Watson and Crick discovered that DNA had a double-helix structure. // Snake: This is all fascinating stuff, but what exactly does it have to do with me? // Para-Medic: The inherent characteristics of any given individual are determined by his or her genes. By duplicating a set of superior genes, a separate body with the same set of characteristics – a clone – can be created. // Snake: But genes don’t control a person’s fate. // Para-Medic: That’s true. But having an offspring that’s genetically identical to the parent is more efficient, right? You can expect better results that way. // Snake: More efficient? You can’t mass-produce human beings! // Para-Medic: Maybe. But now that we know the true nature of genes, human cloning is that much closer to reality. Nuclear transplanting is already theoretically possible. So one day… // Snake: My genes are going to be a valuable commodity? // Para-Medic: Exactly. // Snake: They’d never let that happen. // Para-Medic: Just think – even if your body dies, you survive and go on to bigger and better accomplishments. If you think about it, it’s kind of an honor. // Snake: Does that kind of technology seriously appeal to you? // Para-Medic: Well, I am a doctor. // Snake: ... // Para-Medic: I can’t condone it on moral grounds, but I’m fascinated by the possibilities. Especially when I see such an excellent specimen as yourself. // Snake: Yeah, well, thanks for the compliment, but it doesn't make me feel any better. // Para-Medic: Don’t be so glum. It’s not like it’s going to happen anytime soon. We’ll just have to wait and see.
  12. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, Kojima Productions (2008).
    Big Mama: The egg used in the successful in vitro fertilization came from Dr. Clark's assistant... A healthy Japanese woman.
  13. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Solid Snake: I thought international law banned the military use of genetic therapy. // Naomi Hunter: Yes, but those are just declarations, not actual treaties.
  14. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: Apparently for their test subject, they decided to use the body of a soldier who was recovered after the fall of Zanzibar [Land]... // Solid Snake: And that was Gray Fox... // Roy Campbell: But he was already dead... // Naomi: Yes. But they revived him. They fitted him with a prototype exoskeleton and kept him drugged for four years while they experimented on him like a plaything. Today's genome soldiers were born from those experiments. [...] They used him to test all sorts of gene therapy techniques.
  15. ^ Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, Kojima Productions/PlatinumGames (2013).
    Raiden: Used to be even worse - Back when Dr. Clark was still experimenting. Bad nerve connections would screw with the test subject's pain receptors... It was torture. Compared to that, I had it pretty easy.
  16. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Kojima Productions (2006).
    Ghost: [Naked] Snake, have you heard of Dr. Eric Vornoff? // Naked Snake: Dr. Vornoff? Nope, never heard of him. He's a friend of yours, Ghost? // Ghost: Not exactly. He's a scientist who appears in the movie "Bride of the Monster." // Snake: ...Not this again. // Ghost: Eh? Is something the matter, Snake? // Snake: No... I just never figured you for a movie buff. So? What about this Dr. Vornoff? // Ghost: Oh, yes. He is a scientist from Eastern Europe who was exiled from his country for conducting experiments using radiation to create a superman. // Snake: Hmm... (sounds like a certain scientist I know) // Ghost: Swearing revenge, he begins kidnapping people. Using radiation, he even creates a giant octopus... // Snake: An octopus? What would he want with a giant octopus? // Ghost: I don't really know. In the end, the doctor must fight with his own creation... Anyway, we do not yet fully understand the effects of radiation on living creatures. If the ICBMG is launched, we have no idea what effect it could have on the ecosystem. So what I am trying to say is, we must prevent its launch at all costs. // Snake: You're right about that. I don't want to be fighting any giant octopuses.
  17. ^ Metal Gear Solid by Raymond Benson, Del Rey Books (2008).
    "The Carlsbad area was perfect for the project. I'm in debt to your [the 1972 President's] predecessor for backing it."
  18. ^ Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Metal Gear Solid. (in Japanese). “クラーク博士のこと?いいえ、彼を殺したのは兄よ。 (Kurāku-hakase no koto? Iie, kare o koroshita no wa ani yo., "You mean Dr. Clark? No, that was my brother who killed him")”
  19. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4 Database ("Para-Medic"), Kojima Productions (2008). [2]
  20. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4 Afterthoughts with Ryan Payton
  21. ^
  22. ^ Metal Gear Solid 3 voice casting sheet [3]
  23. ^ MGS3 CINEMA KOJIMA COMMENTARY: Arctic Air Space ~ Bolshaya Past Base. Retrieved on 2016-02-11.
  24. ^
  25. ^