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"Living is a link to the future. That's how all life works. Loving each other, teaching each other...that's how we can change the world."
―Naomi Hunter[src]

Dr. Naomi Hunter was a geneticist who specialized in nanotechnology-based gene therapy. As medical chief of FOXHOUND, she was part of the support crew assembled to assist Solid Snake during the Shadow Moses Incident.


Early life and career[]

Naomi was born some time in the late 1970s.[2] In 1979, her parents were killed during the Rhodesian Civil War by Frank Jaeger.[3] Frank deeply regretted this action, and after finding Naomi near the Zambezi River half-dead from starvation, subsequently adopted and raised her as a sister.[4][5]

With the help of Big Boss, whom she met in 1980s Mozambique, Naomi emigrated to the United States with Frank.[6] Her adoptive brother continued to care for her until she entered college. Unaware of her true name, parents, or ethnic origin, Naomi became interested in genetics in an effort to learn more about herself. She later achieved a doctorate in genetics, specializing in nanotechnology-based gene therapy.

After Solid Snake defeated Big Boss and crippled Frank, then known as Gray Fox, during the Zanzibar Land Disturbance in 1999, Naomi developed an intense hatred for him and vowed revenge. She obtained the identity of one Dr. Naomi Hunter, who had gone missing in the Middle East some years prior.

In 2003, Naomi was a civilian contractor sent by the private biotechnology company ATGC to oversee gene therapy for FOXHOUND members and the Genome Soldiers, in cooperation with the United States Department of Defense. FOXHOUND's medical chief, Dr. Clark, had been responsible for testing gene therapy techniques on Gray Fox, causing Naomi to comply with a request to kill her from Big Mama and Revolver Ocelot, itself part of a bitter dispute among the Patriots' founding members. Naomi assisted her brother's escape from FOXHOUND's medical research division after he killed Dr. Clark, covering it up as a lab accident and faking his death in the reports.

Naomi later succeeded Clark as head of FOXHOUND's medical staff, who affectionately referred to her as "Dr. Naomi."[2][7] As chief geneticist, she succeeded in perfecting the Pentagon's assassination virus, which she named FOXDIE. Unbeknownst to the Pentagon, however, Naomi completed the virus only to exact her revenge on Snake.  At some point, she had an affair with Richard Ames.[8]

Shadow Moses Incident[]

Main article: Shadow Moses Incident

Naomi was a member of the radio support team that was assembled to aid Snake during the Shadow Moses Incident in 2005. During Snake's briefing, she injected him with various nanomachines, nootropics, and an anti-freezing peptide to prevent his blood and other bodily fluids from freezing in the Alaskan climate. However, Naomi had also been ordered by the Secretary of Defense Jim Houseman to inject Snake with the FOXDIE virus as part of his mission.


Naomi Hunter, circa 2005.

Naomi, still seeking revenge, had secretly modified FOXDIE so that, although it would still kill the rebelling FOXHOUND members, it would also target Snake himself. However, she had set the virus to a "wildcard" value for Snake, leaving him vulnerable at a later time. Even Naomi herself did not know when the virus would awaken within Snake. Fellow radio support team member Nastasha Romanenko would later comment that this must have been the best revenge that Naomi could think of, condemning Snake to live in a fearful limbo.

While Snake was being held in a prison cell following a torture session, Naomi was shocked to discover that Big Boss was Snake's father, and the fact that he considered Frank Jaeger to be his best friend regardless of their fight.[9][10]

Somehow the Pentagon discovered Naomi's re-engineering of the FOXDIE virus, and arrested her to find out what modifications she had made. In order to hide this from Snake, Ames forced Campbell to claim that Naomi had already been placed under suspicion of being a spy for the terrorists, and that she had been caught making coded messages to the base to justify the arrest. Naomi later managed to pocket a spare Codec and contacted Snake, explaining to him her past, FOXDIE's true role in the operation, and why she had wanted to kill him. However, she was subdued by one of Ames' men as well as Campbell before she could finish.

After realizing that Snake was not the merciless killer she had thought him to be, Naomi eventually forgave him for Frank's situation, following his and Snake's cooperation in destroying Metal Gear REX. Although it was Frank's last wish for Naomi to know the truth behind her parents' death,[5] Snake withheld this information because Gray Fox was the only family Naomi had ever known. Instead, he told her that Frank said to forget about him and go on with her life. Snake also told Naomi that Frank said that he always loved her. Finally, Snake told her that Frank's actions saved him, her, and the world, which caused Naomi to be emotional. Unaware of when FOXDIE would kill him, Snake then asked Naomi how much time he had left. She told him to live his life to the fullest until it did.

Post-Shadow Moses[]

After the Shadow Moses Incident, Naomi was arrested on charges of treason and placed in a maximum security facility. However, according to Nastasha's novel In the Darkness of Shadow Moses, Naomi was broken out of the facility three weeks later during her debriefing, with the aid of Liquid Ocelot.[11] Snake was suspected of engineering her escape and the incident was subsequently added to his rap sheet.[12] After her escape, the CIA labeled Naomi as one of their most wanted international terrorists.[13]

Guns of the Patriots Incident[]

See also: Liquid Sun, Solid Sun, Third Sun, Twin Suns, Old Sun, and Naked Sin/Naked Son

Having Naomi conduct further research into nanomachine technology, Liquid Ocelot planned to use this knowledge to take control of the SOP battlefield system, introduced in the early 2010s. In 2014, Naomi accompanied Liquid to the Middle East where he attempted to hack into the system using Liquid Snake's DNA chip, in order to lock it down. She briefly encountered a now-aged Solid Snake in the chaos that ensued as a direct result of Liquid's interference with the system. She injected herself with a nanomachine suppressor, passing the syringe on to Snake afterwards, and then told him that, unless he wanted to remain a prisoner of fate, he should go and "fulfill his destiny," before departing onboard Liquid's chopper.


Naomi Hunter in 2014.

Afterwards, Naomi sent Otacon and Snake a video message accompanied with a Soliton Radar map, claiming to have been kidnapped by Liquid Ocelot in order to hijack SOP. In reality, she was working with him in order to destroy the Patriots' AI network, as the Patriots were beginning to implement their plans of control over the civilian population. Snake found her in South America, and she discovered the cause of Snake's accelerated aging, as well as informing him that FOXDIE would cause an epidemic due to a genetic mutation in the virus. She also found the second strain of FOXDIE within him (which was injected by the Patriots (via Drebin) to kill EVA, Ocelot, and Big Boss). Snake then was able to retrieve Naomi from South America, although unbeknownst to him or Otacon, Liquid Ocelot and his PMC forces let her escape so she would complete FOXALIVE for them.

Naomi then accompanied Snake and Otacon to Eastern Europe. Aboard the Nomad, she formed a bond with Sunny (the daughter of Olga Gurlukovich) and became romantically involved with Otacon. She also told Snake about the differences between his DNA and Liquid Snake's DNA when explaining the SOP's genetic locks, and also stated that these same differences made FOXDIE unable to target Solid Snake, but infected Liquid Snake. She even felt a deep sympathy for Raiden, the newest Cyborg Ninja (succeeding her foster brother and Sunny's mother) and was angered that the same project was still continuing on. She created 2/3 of the FOXALIVE program to destroy GW, leaving the last part to be completed by Sunny. She left with Sunny to witness Raiden's recovery at Dr. Madnar's lab, but then she, in a move unanticipated by Snake or Otacon, returned to Liquid Ocelot.

After Vamp's death, she revealed that she had been diagnosed with terminal cancer, due to exposure to large doses of radiation during her genetic research.[13] Her illness had been kept in check through the use of nanomachines, though after learning from Raiden that Sunny had completed FOXALIVE,[13] she chose to die by suppressing said nanomachines shortly afterward, while Snake, Otacon and Raiden fled the underground base on board REX. Her life was ultimately ended in the same place as that of her brother, Gray Fox, nine years earlier.

Prior to her death, Naomi had left behind two messages: the first was a video pre-programmed to play back once FOXALIVE had infected the Patriots' AI network, in which she explained to Snake and Otacon her actual plan, and apologized for manipulating them; the second was intended for Big Boss upon his awakening, which concerned the second strain of FOXDIE that had replaced the mutated old strain within Snake's body. This meant that the old strain would not lead to a biological pandemic, and thus, Snake would not need to commit suicide in order to prevent a potential outbreak.

False identity[]

Although Naomi Hunter was given her name by Frank Jaeger after he adopted her,[14] she also stole the identity of another doctor with the same name who had disappeared in the Middle East some years earlier.[15] Her case file claimed that she had been born in New York City; that her parents had been killed in a car collision; and that her brother, ten years her senior, had been a Marine, who was killed in a training-related accident when she was seventeen.[8]

When questioned about her past during the Shadow Moses Incident, Naomi gave a similarly false account. She stated that her Japanese grandfather had become assistant secretary to J. Edgar Hoover in the FBI and had gone undercover to bring down the Mafia in New York in the 1950s.[16] Liquid Snake, disguised as Master Miller, later revealed to Solid Snake that this was false, as Hoover had been a renowned racist, having employed only white FBI agents in his time as director (1924–1972), and the Mafia undercover operations had first began in Chicago in 1960. She later came clean to Solid Snake and admitted to having bought all of her identification.

Personality and traits[]

Having been a victim of war from a young age, Naomi had a deep resentment for armed conflict. During the Shadow Moses Incident, she often made her displeasure with Snake's attitude towards fighting known. Even though both Frank Jaeger and her benefactor Big Boss were renowned mercenaries, Naomi disliked their profession, even referring to the Outer Heaven mercenaries as "rent-a-war bastards."[17]

Naomi disapproved of Snake's smoking habit, going so far as to explain the genetics behind lung cancer to him.[18] Nine years after Shadow Moses, she became upset when a prematurely aged Snake began to smoke a cigarette during her medical examination on him, feeling that he was just worsening his condition. However, she relented while telling him that his death would keep the unstable strain of FOXDIE inside him from becoming a dangerous epidemic, showing she would condone his sacrifice for the sake of the rest of the world.

Naomi was a vengeful person, who had no qualms about getting her hands dirty in order to exact revenge on Snake for crippling her brother, extending her hatred to FOXHOUND as well. However, her desire for vengeance and her resentment towards Snake abated after she learned more of his character during the Shadow Moses Incident. Naomi was also known to have manipulated people who cared for her, such as Otacon, though she did show remorse for her actions.

Naomi held much anger towards the painful cybernetic and genetic experimentation that Frank Jaeger had been subjected to against his will. She thus expressed great sympathy towards Raiden in 2014 due to his cyborg nature, and was saddened to discover that such experimentation had continued.

Naomi possessed some religious beliefs, viewing ravens as being "God's creatures." [note 1]

Unconfirmed history[]

The following information has been detailed in official Konami-licensed media, written by various external authors. Its status in the Metal Gear canon is unconfirmed.[?]

After leaving college, Naomi joined the Tokyo Police Bureau Police Science Laboratory where she specialized in DNA testing.[19] She later became dissatisfied with the weak organization of the department and the lack of precision in the DNA testing itself, and departed soon after. Naomi then became a genetic counselor at a gene diagnosis firm, but as before, she felt a paradox between her work with gene therapy and the natural order of life, and resigned six months later, amid investigations regarding her parents and family.[19] Naomi was married by the time of the Shadow Moses Incident.[20]

Behind the scenes[]

Metal Gear Solid[]

During the development of Naomi's character for Metal Gear Solid, Hideo Kojima originally intended to use the surname "Kay," as he wanted her full name to form an anagram of "Konami." It was ultimately decided to name her "Hunter," the English translation of her brother's surname, "Jaeger."[21][22] According to Yoji Shinkawa in The Making of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, he had difficulty designing female characters like Naomi and Rosemary because he believed they were Kojima's view of ideal women, but not his.[23]

In the Japanese version of Metal Gear Solid, Naomi is voiced by Hiromi Tsuru, who also portrayed another female scientist of moral ambiguity, Bulma from the Dragon Ball franchise.

After the DARPA Chief's "death" via heart attack, when Snake calls Campbell and Naomi, the latter has a stunned tone of voice from the revelation. The Metal Gear Solid Master Collection Vol.1 script for the game elaborates via a footnote that Naomi was genuinely surprised during this time that the DARPA Chief would die in this manner as she did not recall programming FOXDIE to target him.[24]


Naomi, as she appears in The Twin Snakes.

Jennifer Hale voiced the character in the English version of the game. According to localization translator Jeremy Blaustein, it was decided that the female radio support characters would have distinctive accents to differentiate them more from one another, with Naomi using a British English accent. However, the accents were dropped when the actors reprised their roles for the 2004 remake, The Twin Snakes, with Hale voicing Naomi with an American accent for both the remake and Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. In the Raymond Benson novelization for Metal Gear Solid, Naomi is described as speaking with an Ivy league accent.

In Metal Gear Solid, Naomi claims to have been found in Rhodesia "sometime in the 80's." However, this is a mistake on her part since Rhodesia became known as Zimbabwe in 1979. It's likely that she actually meant the 1970s since that is when she was found and adopted by Frank Jaeger.

Metal Gear Solid 2, Smash Bros. Brawl and Mobile[]

In Kojima's "Grand Game Plan" for Metal Gear Solid 2, Naomi was to have left America to join the Médecins Sans Frontières in Paris.[25] In Metal Gear Solid 4, it is revealed that she actually fled to South America after escaping from prison.

Naomi, along with several other characters from the Metal Gear series, makes a special cameo appearance in Super Smash Bros. Brawl as a collectible sticker, which can be used for enhancement in the Subspace Emissary Adventure Mode. Her sticker can be used by either Princess Peach or Princess Zelda, and it grants them an increase in leg attack power by 5.

Naomi is briefly mentioned in an optional conversation in Metal Gear Solid Mobile when Snake asks Otacon if he trusts Dr. Victoria Reed.[26]

Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots[]

Concept artwork for Naomi Hunter in Metal Gear Solid 4 indicated that she would have worn a parka jacket.

Both the Metal Gear Solid 4 Database and the official Metal Gear Solid 4 website erroneously state that it was the CIA that ordered Naomi to use FOXDIE, rather than the DIA. In addition, the Database incorrectly states that Naomi claimed her father had served in the FBI, rather than her grandfather, a mistake that was previously made by Master Miller in Metal Gear Solid.

She has a posthumous voice cameo in Act 5 of Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots during Psycho Mantis's scene. If the player uses a controller without rumble (e.g. the original SIXAXIS controller), Psycho Mantis will express shock that he can't even get the controller to rumble, with Naomi then being heard declaring "No more massages for you!" just as Mantis is being forcibly pulled away from the mortal plane of existence.

Versus Battle[]

Naomi appeared in Versus Battle on the series official site, where she competed against Amanda Valenciano Libre, and later Meryl Silverburgh.

"STRENGTHS: FOXDIE Founder, Sister to Gray Fox
WEAKNESSES: Radiation Exposure During Research
Naomi sympathized with Raiden due to her love for her “brother” Frank Jaeger and the painful cybernetic experiments he experienced
―Naomi Hunter bio in Vs. Battle; Naomi vs. Amanda
"STRENGTHS: Gorgeous Genetics Genius & Sister of Gray Fox
WEAKNESSES: Her Desire for Revenge Clouded The Truth
FEATURED FACT: Only after injecting Solid Snake with FOXDIE did Naomi finally learned the truth that he was her ally rather than her enemy, and was the best friend of her adopted brother Gray Fox
―Naomi Hunter bio in Vs. Battle; Naomi vs. Meryl





Metal Gear Solid[]

Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots[]


  1. ^ In Metal Gear Solid, if the player kills any ravens, Naomi will say "Poor things. Ravens are God's creatures too, Snake."


  1. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: Rhodesia was owned by England until 1965 and there were lots of Indian laborers around. That's probably where I got my skin color from, but I'm not even sure about that...
  2. ^ a b c METAL GEAR SOLID (Japanese). Konami Digital Entertainment. Retrieved on 2013-04-17.
  3. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4 Database ("Timeline"), Kojima Productions (2008). [1]
  4. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: I was found in Rhodesia sometime in the 80's [sic]... a dirty little orphan... [...] I was alone for so long... until I met my big brother and him. // Snake: Your big brother? // Naomi: Yes.... Frank Jaeger. [...] He was a young soldier, when he picked me up near the Zambezi River. I was half-dead from starvation and he shared his rations with me. [...] We survived that hell together, Frank and I. He protected me. He's my one connection... the only connection that I have to my past.
  5. ^ a b Solid Snake: [Gray] Fox, why!? What do you want from me!? // Gray Fox: I'm a prisoner of Death. Only you can free me... // Snake: Fox, stay out of this... What about Naomi? She's hell bent on taking revenge for you. // Fox: Naomi... // Snake: You're the only one who can stop her. // Fox: No...I can't. // Snake: Why? // Fox: Because I'm the one who killed her parents. I was young then and couldn't bring myself to kill her too. I felt so bad that I decided to take her with me. I raised her like she was my own blood to soothe my guilty conscience. Even now she thinks of me as her brother... // Snake: Fox... // Fox: From the outside, we might have seemed like a happy brother and sister. But every time I looked at her, I saw her parents' eyes staring back at me... Tell her for me. Tell her that I was the one who did it.
  6. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Solid Snake: And [Gray Fox] brought you back to America? // Naomi Hunter: No. I was in Mozambique when "he" came. // Snake: Who is "he" ? ...You mean Big Boss? // Naomi: He brought us to this land of freedom, this America. But then he and my brother went back to Africa to continue the war.
  7. ^ METAL GEAR SOLID: THE TWIN SNAKES. Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Retrieved on 2013-04-17.
  8. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment (2001).
    Special > Previous Story > In the Darkness of Shadow Moses
  9. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Solid Snake: Any family? // Naomi Hunter: That's not a very happy topic for me. // Snake: I don't have any family. No wait, there was a man who said he was my father... // Naomi: Where is he? // Snake: Dead. By my own hand. // Roy Campbell: Big Boss. // Naomi: What!? Big Boss!? I had no idea. // Campbell: There was no way you could. It happened in Zanzibar [Land] 6 years ago. Only Snake and I know the real truth of what happened there. // Naomi: So, is it true? Was Big Boss really your father? // Snake: That's what he said. That's all I know. // Naomi: And you were able to kill him, knowing that? // Snake: Yup.
  10. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: Friends? // Solid Snake: Roy Campbell... // Roy Campbell: Huh? You're still calling me friend? // Naomi: Is that it? // Snake: No, there was another... Frank Jaeger. // Naomi: What!? // Campbell: Big Boss's most trusted lietenant and the only member of FOX-HOUND to ever receive the codename "Fox". Gray Fox. // Naomi: ........ // Snake: I learned a lot from him. // Naomi: But... didn't you try to kill each other? // Snake: That's true. We did. In Zanzibar [Land]. But it was nothing personal. We were just professionals on opposite sides, that's all. // Naomi: And you still call yourselves friends? // Snake: Hard to believe? War is no reason to end a friendship. // Naomi: That's insane. // Snake: I first met him on the battlefield. He was being held a prisoner of Outer Heaven. But he didn't look like a prisoner to me. He was always so cool and precise. I was still green and he showed me the ropes. // Naomi: You knew him well? // Snake: No. We never talked about our personal lives. Sort of an unwritten rule. The next time I saw him on the battlefield, we were enemies. We were fighting barehanded in a minefield. I know it sounds strange to most people. But we were just two soldiers doing our jobs. It's like a sport.
  11. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan, 2001.
    In the Darkness of Shadow Moses: The Unofficial Truth: Three weeks later, as she was undergoing debriefing in a certain facility, she escaped. She has not been heard of since. Officials were close-mouthed about the circumstances of the escape, but inquiries into other quarters elicited the fact that someone had broken Naomi out of the base. I knew of only one person who could have breached the base’s tight security and successfully led someone to freedom.
  12. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, Kojima Productions (2008).
    Roy Campbell: Snake... As you'll recall, following the Shadow Moses incident nine years ago... Naomi was detained by the authorities. But someone arranged for her escape. // Solid Snake: Yeah, I hear they added that to my rap sheet, too. // Campbell: I suspect it was actually Liquid. He must have taken her prisoner himself and forced her to do research at his facility in South America.
  13. ^ a b c Metal Gear Solid 4 Database ("Naomi Hunter"), Kojima Productions (2008).
  14. ^ Metal Gear Solid 4 Database ("Gray Fox"), Kojima Productions (2008).
  15. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment (1998).
    Liquid Snake, disguised as Master Miller, explains this to Snake.
  16. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Solid Snake: This is like a police interrogation. // Naomi Hunter: No, I just... // Roy Campbell: I guess it's in the genes... // Snake: The genes? What are you talking about, Colonel? // Campbell: No, I just remembered about Naomi's grandfather. I think Naomi said he rose as high as assisstant secretary in the FBI during Edgar Hoover's time. // Snake: Is that right? // Naomi: Yes...yes, he was Japanese and he became a special undercover investigator to nab the mafia. // Master Miller (Liquid Snake): When was that? // Naomi: Oh.. sometime in the 50's, I guess. // Master: Where? // Naomi: New York, I think... // Master: Naomi, I thought you didn't have any family... // Naomi: Well...I...I researched it after I became an adult. My grandfather was already dead by the time I learned about him. I never even had the chance to meet him. // Campbell: Oh... // Naomi: [Solid] Snake, good luck. // Campbell: Watch your back, Snake.
  17. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: Vulcan Raven is half Native Alaskan American and half Inuit. He was raised as a shaman and they say he has supernatural powers. During the Cold War, he trained in Russia with the Bimpel, [sic] the Soviet special forces. In 1993, he was demoted by President Yeltsin following his coup d'etat. So he fled the country and became a mercenary. After that, he joined those rent-a-war bastards at Outer Heaven Inc.
  18. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Naomi Hunter: Are you smoking? // Solid Snake: Yeah, so what? // Naomi: Didn't you know that cigarettes contain benzopyrene, a chemical that leads to lung cancer? We now know that when benzopyrene enters the body, it changes to benzopyrene diolepoxide (BPDE) and attaches to the receptors on the P53 gene, the gene that causes lung cancer. The BPDE attaches to the P53 gene in three specific locations and causes precancerous changes to the lung tissue. // Snake: You know a lot about science, but you don't know how good a cigarette tastes in the morning.
  19. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid Official Mission Handbook, Millennium Books (1998).
  20. ^ Metal Gear Solid Official Comic Book #1, IDW Publishing (2004).
  21. ^ Hideo Kojima Twitter - Naomi Kay
  22. ^ Hideo Kojima Twitter - Jaeger
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2 Grand Game Plan.
  26. ^ Metal Gear Solid Mobile, Kojima Productions (2008).
    Solid Snake: ...You trust her, Otacon? // Otacon: Hard to say. The Metal Gear plans she provided us with seem genuine... // Solid Snake: But...? // Otacon: But... I get the feeling that there are things happening here which are beyond our control. // Solid Snake: Think we've got another Naomi on our hands? // Otacon: I don't think so. But...don't go letting Dr. Reed giving you any shots -- just to be safe.