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Flag of Japan

The flag of Japan.

Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon), also known as the "land of the rising sun," is an island nation located within Asia, off the coast of China. It is a monarchy and the sole remaining country to retain the head of state title of "emperor."

Mercenary and survival master Kazuhira Miller was born in Yokosuka of the Kanagawa Prefecture[1] in Japan, and was a former member of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. The lab assistant of Para-Medic, a.k.a. Dr. Clark, was Japanese, and served as egg donor for the Les Enfants Terribles project. Dr. Clark and Colonel Volgin were Japanophiles, and Hal Emmerich was a fan of the country's animes.

The Japanese also had a strict honor system, including killing to save other lives as well as suicide and execution. One manner of suicide was known as seppuku, which was suicide via disembowelment. Another is Kaikashu, which is where one executes a dishonored soldier via decapitation.[2] Whale was also a popular food in Japan since at least the post-World War II era, largely because it was cheap and the country could not afford more expensive foods, though by the 1980s they gave up on whale as a meal due to the International Whaling Commission banning the hunt on whales, although not without making a strong effort at trying to stop the ban.[3] The primary language was Japanese, which included various dialects that depended on the region/district the person was native to, including Nagoya, Niigata, Hiroshima, and Kansai (the last of which was prevalent in regions such as Osaka and Kyoto). They also held to some rituals, such as a ritual dance that they use on doors that are locked.[4] Holidays for the region include the Gion Festival,[5] a festival occurring within July that celebrates the end of Summer in Japan. Besides whale, the meals in Japan include Jingisukan,[6] apples,[7] soba (including Wanko Soba, izumo, and Okinawa soba),[8] beef tongue,[9] Kiritampo,[10] cherries,[11] ramen and peaches,[12] natto soybeans,[13] strawberries,[14] yaki-manju,[15] senbei crackers,[16] peanuts,[17] sushi (including Trout sushi),[18] rice,[19] snow crabs,[20] grapes and peaches,[21] tea,[22] Miso Katsu,[23] Japanese spiny lobster,[24] funazushi,[25] takoyaki,[26] akashiyaki,[27] apricots and mikan oranges,[28] pears,[29] millet dumplings,[30] okonomiyaki pancakes and oysters,[31] puffer fish,[32] sudachi,[33] sanuki udon,[34] minced jack mackerel,[35] mentaiko with mustard,[36] maruboro cookies,[37] sara udon,[38] horse meat sashimi,[39] toriten,[40] charcoal cooked jidori chicken,[41] Berkshire steak with imojochu liquor,[42] and Miso soup.[43] It also has Buddha statues (some of which were of gargantuan size[44]), and also has Chinatowns in Nagasaki, Japan.[45] Japan was also well known for its horticulture and gardens,[46] as well as geisha dancers.[47]

Japan's first encounter of the outside world barring Asia was when some Dutch traders supplied weapons and items in exchange for learning their culture in trade. One of these items was the Tanegashima musket rifle, although it was also given to another region of Japan by mistake due to navigational errors, originally intending to be shipped to Okinawa. During the 1930s, Japan attempted to invade China, and later got involved in World War II after bombing Pearl Harbor, siding with the Axis powers of Nazi Germany and Italy. By the time the Allied forces got to Japan in the Pacific theater, they started firebombing Tokyo, leaving several buildings either destroyed or heavily damaged.[48] Shortly thereafter, Nagasaki and Hiroshima were hit with nuclear bombs Littleboy and Fatman, respectively. Japan was then occupied by the allied forces, with some Japanese women also sometimes surviving by servicing the troops via prostitution.[48] After the war, Okinawa served as a major U.S. port with cooperation with the Japanese government, although there are some protests by the Okinawans, often leading to some revisions.[49] In addition, Japan created the three nuclear principles,[50] and was under the nuclear umbrella during the Cold War, being of strategic importance to America and the West due to its close proximity to the Soviet Union.[51]

Japan also had a family register being a requirement to being considered a Japanese citizen. This resulted in Kazuhira Miller's childhood being difficult due to his technically not having a registered father due to his father having already left Japan by the time he was born, although he implies that some work was being made to changing the system by 1974.[48]

As a result of the war, Japan instituted Article 9 to its constitution, which mentioned that Japan can not maintain an army. However, the Japanese did create an armed forces group called the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF), which was created for matters of self-defense, although this move was considered controversial.[49] In addition, as part of reforms during the post-war period, the Japanese Emperor also renounced his divine status. During the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1963, various people in Japan started panicking over the prospect of entering nuclear war due to the standoff, with a then-teenaged Miller witnessing this.[52] On November 25, 1970, the Japanese author Yukio Mishima travelled over to the Ichigaya Camp, the headquarters for the Eastern Command of the JSDF, and conducted a coup d'état with four members of the private militia Tatenokai in an attempt to restore the divinity of the Emperor, only for him to commit seppuku as a result of the failure of the coup d'état. This event partially influenced Miller into resigning from the JSDF to become a mercenary, despite his disagreeing with Mishima's vision.[53]

In addition, Che Guevara also visited Japan as part of an economic delegation after the Cuban Revolution was won, and briefly visited Hiroshima, and was devastated at what happened at the location.[54] Japan underwent a student movement, known as the Anpo Opposition Movement, which occurred in 1960 and 1968-1970, where they opposed Anpo and often barricaded themselves in universities, getting the police involved. The Anpo movement eventually crashed and burned by the time of the Peace Walker Incident in 1974.[55]

Behind the scenes

Japan is the country of origin of the Metal Gear series, produced by Konami and its subsidiary Kojima Productions.

In Snake's Revenge, one of Metal Gear 2's targets was to be Tokyo, Japan. Japan was also mentioned to be one of the countries whose food was imported by Gindra in Metal Gear: Ghost Babel.

In Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops' online mode, as well as Portable Ops Plus, passcode unlockable soldiers were unlockable representing each of the prefectures in Japan. Unlike the other passcode unlockable special soldiers, these soldiers were counted among the soldier list, and as such have a general bio for each of them that implied that they were joining FOXHOUND specifically to get experience for later mercenary work, as well as a specific bio for each of them. Owing to their country of origin, each of their bios references a particular cultural element and dish for Japan.

Owing to Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker's not only being made in Japan, but also being focused more on the Japanese audiences than usual, the Japanese version of the game had four extra AI voices, one specific to each AI weapon in the game (excluding Metal Gear ZEKE), that represented a specific dialect in Japan. Pupa, for example, possessed a Niigata accent, Chrysalis possessed a Kansai dialect, Cocoon possessed a Hiroshima accent, and Peace Walker (titled Basilisk in the DLC) had a Nagoya accent.

The character Monsoon was originally supposed to originate from Okinawa, Japan, due to his use of sais, although it was changed to Cambodia due to it fitting his name better.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker - Heiwa to Kazuhira no Blues ("Kaz Radio. Outer Ops "Boss Radio"), Konami Digital Entertainment (2010).
    Tomokazu Sugita: 「横須賀出身のカズにとっては故郷の歌でもあります」 ("There is also the hometown of the song for the Yokosuka-born Kaz").
  2. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker - Heiwa to Kazuhira no Blues
  3. ^ Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, Kojima Productions (2015).
    Mother Base [1] > Whaling Ship Heiwa Maru
  4. ^ Para-Medic referenced this ritual regarding a sealed door in an optional radio conversation at Graniny Gorki's exterior.
  5. ^ Kyoto prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  6. ^ Hokkaido prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  7. ^ Aomori prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  8. ^ Iwate, Nagano, Shimane, and Okinawa prefecture Japanese soldier bios in Portable Ops Plus
  9. ^ Miyagi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  10. ^ Akita prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  11. ^ Yamagata prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  12. ^ Fukushima prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  13. ^ Ibaraki prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  14. ^ Tochigi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  15. ^ Gunma prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  16. ^ Saitama prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  17. ^ Chiba prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  18. ^ Tokyo and Toyama prefecture soldier bios in Portable Ops Plus
  19. ^ Niigata prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  20. ^ Fukui prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  21. ^ Yamanashi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  22. ^ Shizuoka prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  23. ^ Aichi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  24. ^ Mie prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  25. ^ Shiga prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  26. ^ Osaka prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  27. ^ Hyogo prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  28. ^ Wakayama prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  29. ^ Tottori prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  30. ^ Okayama prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  31. ^ Hiroshima prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  32. ^ Yamaguchi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  33. ^ Tokushima prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  34. ^ Kagawa prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  35. ^ Kochi prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  36. ^ Fukuoka prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  37. ^ Saga prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  38. ^ Nagasaki prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  39. ^ Kumamoto prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  40. ^ Oita prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  41. ^ Miyazaki prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  42. ^ Kagoshima prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  43. ^ Mentioned in one of Kazuhira Miller's sleep talks regarding his mother in the Date Kaz extra mission of Peace Walker.
  44. ^ Nara prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  45. ^ Kanagawa prefecture soldier bio in Portable Ops Plus
  46. ^ Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, Kojima Productions (2013)
  47. ^ Para-Medic alludes to geisha dancers when talking about the Calorie Mate with Naked Snake in an optional radio conversation.
  48. ^ a b c Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > About Himself > Upbringing
  49. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > Peace Constitutions > Peace Constitution in Japan > Article 9 and the JSDF.
  50. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > Peace Constitutions > The Three Non-Nuclear Principles.
  51. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > Peace Constitutions > The US-Japan Security Treaty > The Nuclear Umbrella.
  52. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > Situation in Central America > The Cuban Missile Crisis
    Kazuhira Miller: No kidding. Those 13 days starting October 15, 1962 were probably the closest we ever came to all-out nuclear war. The Russians deployed nuclear missiles to Cuba. America responded with a naval blockade. Then Russia shot down an American spy plane... I was still a teenager back then. But I remember what it felt like to be one step away from nuclear war - the adults were freaking out.
  53. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > Peace Constitutions > The JSDF > Why Miller quit the JSDF
  54. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Briefing Files > Briefing Library > Miller > A Great Leader > Che's visit to Hiroshima
  55. ^ Although not directly mentioned by name, Big Boss refers to the Anpo movement in the "May 1968" tape, where he, while explaining how France had a better job with its May 1968 efforts, cited "while [Big Boss heard that] Japan's student movements crashed and burned."
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