An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis or exploitation of information and intelligence in support of law enforcement, national security, defense and foreign policy objectives. Means of information gathering are both overt and covert and may include espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis or intelligence assessment.
Described below are examples of various intelligence agencies.
The Bundesnachrichtendienst (German: "Federal Intelligence Service"), shortened to BND and known by the CIA as CASCOPE, was the main intelligence agency of West Germany (later Germany after Germany reunified) during the Cold War, established on April 1, 1956.
After a United States Naval Base in Cuba was configured into a Black Site, some members of the BND paid visit to the site, alongside other agencies, even Eastern agencies, to interrogate the prisoners.
Central Intelligence Agency
- Main article: Central Intelligence Agency
Central State Security
The Central State Security (CSS) is an agency established by the United States Department of Defense in 1972 via Presidential Directive, to promote full partnership between the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Service Cryptologic Elements (SCE) of the United States Armed Forces in the field of signals intelligence.
During the Peace Walker Incident, Cipher agent Pacifica Ocean implied that her organization intended to gain influence over agencies such as the CSS, in order to watch over the world and guide the will of its people.
Committee for State Security (KGB)
- Main article: KGB
Defense Intelligence Agency
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is a major producer and manager of military intelligence for the United States Department of Defense, employing over 16,500 military and civilian employees worldwide. It was established in 1961 by Robert McNamara. The Defense Intelligence Community is headed by the DIA, through its Director (who chairs the Military Intelligence Board), and coordinates the activities of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force intelligence components. The DIA and DIC provide military intelligence to warfighters, defense policymakers and force planners within the Department of Defense and the United States Intelligence Community, in support of U.S. military planning and operations and weapon systems acquisition.
During the 1970s, Cipher intended to gain influence over agencies such as the DIA, in order to watch over the world and guide the will of its people. In 1992, Nastasha Romanenko joined the DIA, which was where she met her future husband Richard Ames. In the early 2000s, the DIA developed the assassination virus FOXDIE, whose development had hit a wall until the involvement of Naomi Hunter. The DIA later allowed FOXDIE to be injected into Solid Snake during the Shadow Moses Incident.
General Intelligence Presidency
The General Intelligence Presidency (GIP), also known as the General Intelligence Directorate (GID) is the primary intelligence agency of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The kingdom started the intelligence service in 1955 under the name of Al-Mabahith Al Aammah. By 1984, it alongside the Pakistan equivalent agency ISI provided funding and materiel to the mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan war.
The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (بین الخدماتی مخابرات), more commonly known as the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), is the premier Intelligence service of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, operationally responsible for providing critical national security and intelligence assessment to the Government of Pakistan. It was established in 1948 by Major General Robert Cawthome. Critics of the ISI have long accused it of using designated terrorist groups and militants to conduct proxy wars against its neighbors, including the rebel groups in Iraq. Rivalry between the ISI and the civilian government has also been alleged.
During the 1970s, ISI officials arrived at a United States naval facility in Cuba after it was converted into a black site to interrogate the prisoners.
One of these prisoners was prisoner 12282. He later relayed this information to his commander, Big Boss, when he was rescued by him.
In 1984, it alongside the Saudi Arabian equivalent agency GIP provided funding and materiel to the mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan war.
Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU)
- Main article: GRU
National Reconnaissance Office
The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is a satellite imagery-based intelligence agency of the United States government. Formed in 1961, it designed and utilized spy satellites, and was considered, alongside the CIA, NGA, NSA, and DIA, one of the five largest U.S. intelligence agencies among the 16. The director reports to both the Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence, and acted as the assistant secretary of the United States Air Force.
During the time of the Peace Walker Incident, Cipher intended to gain influence over agencies such as the NRO, in order to watch over the world and guide the will of its people.
National Security Agency
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States government, administered as part of the United States Department of Defense. Established on November 4, 1952 by President Harry S. Truman, it is responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, which involves cryptanalysis. It is also responsible for protecting U.S. government communications and information systems from similar agencies elsewhere, which involves cryptography. NSA's work is limited to communications intelligence; it does not perform field or human intelligence activities.
In September 1960, two NSA code breakers, ADAM and EVA, defected to the Soviet Union. ADAM was the triple spy better known as Ocelot. During Operation Snake Eater, a woman posed as EVA to aid Naked Snake in his mission while secretly plotting to steal the Philosophers' Legacy for the Chinese Government. During the time of the Peace Walker Incident, Cipher intended to gain influence over agencies such as the NSA, in order to watch over the world and guide the will of its people.
On January 24, 2000, the NSA facility in Fort Meade suffered a total system shutdown for a 73-hour period. It was believed that a small group within the government had arranged the incident with the assistance of a notorious group of crackers, of which Emma Emmerich was the leader. This resulted in a full review of NSA's safety measures, which led to the decision to shift the data-gathering operations to an isolated location that would be safe from physical attack as well as cyber-terrorism. In 2005, Emma herself was recruited by the NSA after the government leaked the details of the Shadow Moses Incident to her.
Secret Intelligence Service
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known and referred to by its former name MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6), is responsible for supplying the British Government with foreign intelligence, operating under the formal direction of the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC). It was formed in 1909, and its founder was Sir George Mansfield Smith-Cumming, although his codename was the first letter of his last name, "C." In his honor, members of the SIS had codenames derived from the first letter of their last names. Its existence was not officially acknowledged in public until 1994. Its headquarters from 1964 to after the Cold War was also located in a tower building known as the Century House. After 1994, however, the headquarters were relocated while Century House itself was redone into modern flats.
Prior to the formation of the FOX Unit in 1964, Zero was a member of MI6, under the codename "O" (derived from his real name of David Oh). After a United States naval facility was converted into a black site during the 1970s, the MI6 paid a visit to the site to question the prisoners.
One of these prisoners was 12282, who relayed this when rescued by his commander, Big Boss of the MSF.
In the early 1990s, Liquid Snake worked as an undercover SIS agent, during the Gulf War.
In former Czechoslovakia, State Security (Czech: Státní bezpečnost, Slovak: Štátna bezpečnosť) or STB, was a plainclothes secret police force founded on June 30, 1945. Serving as an intelligence and counter-intelligence agency, any activity that could possibly be considered anti-communist fell under the purview of STB.
Behind the scenes
In Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, the STB still exists in 1999, of which Natasha Marcova is a member. However, its real life equivalent was dissolved on February 10, 1990, a few months prior to the game's release. In the Previous Operations summary in Metal Gear Solid, Marcova is instead described as a former agent of STB. However, the re-released versions of Metal Gear 2 still refer to Marcova (renamed "Gustava Heffner") as an active agent, due to the script remaining essentially unchanged.
EVA and ADAM's defection is based on the real life Martin and Mitchell Defection.
The total system shutdown at the NSA facility in Fort Meade in January 2000 was based on a real life incident.
According to a voice casting sheet for Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Sigint was a member of the NSA during Operation Snake Eater. However, in-game, Major Zero tells Naked Snake that Sigint is a member of the CIA. Because of this, it is unknown if the NSA reference is canon.
Notes and references
- ^ http://mgsdb.com/en/enc/383/1
- ^ METAL GEAR SOLID (Japanese). Konami Digital Entertainment. Retrieved on 2011-05-07.
- ^ METAL GEAR SOLID: THE TWIN SNAKES. Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Retrieved on 2011-05-07.
- ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2000/01/31/us/national-news-briefs-national-security-agency-lost-computers-for-days.html?pagewanted=1%7C
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 3 radio conversations#Mask