This article is about a fictional representation of a real world subject.

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a land-locked mountainous country located in Central and South Asia, bordered by Pakistan in the east and south, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and Zanzibar Land and China in the northeast.


During the Cold War, the Soviet Union spread their influence in Afghanistan, which led in 1979 to a bloody war between the Mujahideen and Soviet-led Afghan government forces. Revolver Ocelot was involved in the conflict, where he was feared by the Mujahideen as "Shalashaska" due to his brutal interrogator skills.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

Boris Vyacheslavovich Popov participated in the Soviet invasion, killing dozens of guerrillas.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

International journalist Holly White reported on events there.

Afghanistan map

A map of Diamond Dogs' area of operations in northern Kabul.

In 1984, Kazuhira Miller and some Diamond Dogs soldiers were ambushed by Soviet forces in northern Kabul, with all but Miller being killed. Miller in particular was taken prisoner, transferred to Da Ghwandai Khar via Da Wiallo Kallai, and brutally interrogated. Venom Snake set out to rescue Miller, with the assistance of Ocelot, who accompanied him as far as the Spugmay Ruins, before withdrawing to Diamond Dogs' Mother Base to provide radio support. Snake later arrived at Da Wiallo Kallai and found intel files disclosing Miller's location at Da Ghwandai Khar. During this time, there were 14 major Soviet bases, as well as over a dozen Soviet outposts, within Diamond Dogs' area of operations in Afghanistan.

Although the Mujahideen were ultimately successful in driving out the Soviets, their inability to form a stable government and their subsequent infighting, resulted in a new armed movement, the Taliban, coming to power.

During the Zanzibar Land Disturbance in 1999, Solid Snake performed a HAHO parachute jump into Zanzibar Land territory from the Afghanistan border.[1]

The Afghan Taliban government's links with terrorist group al-Qaeda, led the United States to launch the War in Afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks in 2001.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

Future mercenaries Sundowner and Mistral participated in this war.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.


Afghanistan was largely rocky and arid, with sandstorms being somewhat frequent. Rarely it would also rain.


Golden Crescent grew in this area.


Goats, sheep, wolves and horses were prevalent in the area.



Map of Afghanistan, 1984.

Behind the scenes

The map for Afghanistan in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain was based on Jordan, according to Hideo Kojima in a podcast. This is despite the fact that Jordan is largely desert whereas Afghanistan is largely mountainous. There are several geographical inaccuracies compared to in real life. For example, the city of Kabul is in reality within a mountain range and nowhere near desert; heavy snowfall is common in the mountains of Afghanistan in the winter, but it never snows within the game; and the lack of rainfall in the game does not represent the rainy spring season of the country in real life.

Despite that, some of the specific locations are inspired or look very similar to ones that exist in real-life Afghanistan. For example, Lamar Khaate Palace is based on the 1920s Darul Aman Palace, while the Aabe Shifap Ruins has a statue based on the Paghman "Victory Arch".



  1. ^ Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake - User's Manual, Konami Corporation (1990).

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