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Metal Gear Wiki
This article is about a fictional representation of a real world subject.

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a land-locked mountainous country located in Central and South Asia, bordered by Pakistan in the east and south, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and Zanzibar Land and China in the northeast.


During the Cold War, the Soviet Union spread their influence in Afghanistan, which led in 1979 to a bloody war between the Mujahideen and Soviet-led Afghan government forces. Revolver Ocelot was involved in the conflict, where he was feared by the Mujahideen as "Shalashaska" due to his brutal interrogator skills.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

Boris Vyacheslavovich Popov participated in the Soviet invasion, killing dozens of guerrillas.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

International journalist Holly White reported on events there.

A map of Diamond Dogs' area of operations in northern Kabul.

In 1984, Kazuhira Miller and some Diamond Dogs soldiers were ambushed by Soviet forces in northern Kabul, with all but Miller being killed. Miller in particular was taken prisoner, transferred to Da Ghwandai Khar via Da Wiallo Kallai, and brutally interrogated. Venom Snake set out to rescue Miller, with the assistance of Ocelot, who accompanied him as far as the Spugmay Ruins, before withdrawing to Diamond Dogs' Mother Base to provide radio support. Snake later arrived at Da Wiallo Kallai and found intel files disclosing Miller's location at Da Ghwandai Khar. During this time, there were 14 major Soviet bases, as well as over a dozen Soviet outposts, within Diamond Dogs' area of operations in Afghanistan.

Although the Mujahideen were ultimately successful in driving out the Soviets, their inability to form a stable government and their subsequent infighting, resulted in a new armed movement, the Taliban, coming to power.

During the Zanzibar Land Disturbance in 1999, Solid Snake performed a HAHO parachute jump into Zanzibar Land territory from the Afghanistan border.[1]

The Afghan Taliban government's links with terrorist group al-Qaeda, led the United States to launch the War in Afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks in 2001.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

Future mercenaries Sundowner and Mistral participated in this war.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.


Afghanistan was largely rocky and arid, many areas full of rocky terrain, hills steppes and mountains, alongside sand dunes and scrubland. Many formally inhabited areas were composed of brick buildings with some signs of modern conveniences and methods for extracting and keeping water. Sandstorms were somewhat frequent, infrequently it would be cloudy, and very rarely it would also rain.


Despite the harsh climate and arid nature of the environment a garden variety of plant life made its home within Afghanistan; while not densely packed with trees many small brushes, bushes and grasses continued to survive in the generally rocky or sandy earth. Flowering plants that Snake could find and utilize included Wormwood, Golden Crescent, Black Carrot, Tarragon and the rare Haoma bush.


A variety of once domesticated goats and sheep roamed the land in small herds, alongside wild asses popping up in deeper mountains. The desert provided ample opportunities for snakes, scorpions to prey on large animals, and birds such as ravens or vultures would consume carrion. A host of small herbivore and bug consuming mammals such as bats, long-eared hedgehogs, gerbils also made their home here. Predators consisted of foxes, small cats, grey wolves as well as the rare Eurasian brown bear and Himalayan bear.


Map of Afghanistan, 1984.

Behind the scenes

The map for Afghanistan in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain was based on Jordan, according to Hideo Kojima in a podcast. This is despite the fact that Jordan is largely desert whereas Afghanistan is largely mountainous. There are several geographical inaccuracies compared to in real life. For example, the city of Kabul is in reality within a mountain range and nowhere near desert; heavy snowfall is common in the mountains of Afghanistan in the winter, but it never snows within the game; and the lack of rainfall in the game does not represent the rainy spring season of the country in real life.

Despite that, some of the specific locations are inspired or look very similar to ones that exist in real-life Afghanistan. For example, Lamar Khaate Palace is based on the 1920s Darul Aman Palace, while the Aabe Shifap Ruins has a statue based on the Paghman "Victory Arch".



  1. ^ Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake - User's Manual, Konami Corporation (1990).

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